Geschichte des Klondike Goldrush. Goldrausch am Klondike River. Jahr des Beginns: ; Höhepunkt: /; Ort: Dawson City am Bonanza Creek. This tour from Dawson City, Yukon includes a visit to claim 33, a tour of Dawson City and the Gold Fields, and a visit to Dredge No. 4. Book your tour today! Westernstadt „Klondike City“ Westernstadt „Klondike City“. Hier werden alle Kinder zu Indianern, Squaws oder Cowboys: Ihre Kinder werden sie lieben, unsere.
Geschichte des Klondike GoldrushWesternstadt „Klondike City“ Westernstadt „Klondike City“. Hier werden alle Kinder zu Indianern, Squaws oder Cowboys: Ihre Kinder werden sie lieben, unsere. Erleben Sie Yukons bezauberndste Städte, die Hauptstadt des Yukon, Whitehorse und eine Kleinstadt im Norden mit einer riesigen Persönlichkeit - Dawson. This tour from Dawson City, Yukon includes a visit to claim 33, a tour of Dawson City and the Gold Fields, and a visit to Dredge No. 4. Book your tour today!
Klondike City Navigation menu Video1898 Alaska Klondike Gold Rush Story, Dawson City, Yukon River YouTube Klondike gameplay has two main elements: farming and town-building at your station, and going on expeditions to explore new lands. Before you start your adventure, you’ll need to prepare for the harsh winter and equip your expedition for distant travels. In other words, you have to farm in the village. 1/20/ · With Abbie Cornish, Marton Csokas, Ian Hart, Greg Lawson. The lives of two childhood best friends, Bill and Epstein, in the late s as they flock to the gold rush capital in the untamed Yukon Territory. This man-versus-nature tale places our heroes in a land full of undiscovered wealth, but ravaged by harsh conditions, unpredictable weather and desperate, dangerous characters including /10(K).
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Edit Cast Series cast summary: Abbie Cornish Gold was discovered there by local miners on August 16, ; when news reached Seattle and San Francisco the following year, it triggered a stampede of prospectors.
Some became wealthy, but the majority went in vain. It has been immortalized in films, literature, and photographs. To reach the gold fields, most prospectors took the route through the ports of Dyea and Skagway , in Southeast Alaska.
The Canadian authorities required each of them to bring a year's supply of food, in order to prevent starvation. In all, the Klondikers' equipment weighed close to a ton, which most carried themselves, in stages.
Performing this task, and contending with the mountainous terrain and cold climate, meant those who persisted did not arrive until summer Once there, they found few opportunities, and many left disappointed.
To accommodate the prospectors, boom towns sprang up along the routes. From a population of in , the town grew to house approximately 30, people by summer Built of wood, isolated, and unsanitary, Dawson suffered from fires, high prices, and epidemics.
Despite this, the wealthiest prospectors spent extravagantly, gambling and drinking in the saloons. The Native Hän people , on the other hand, suffered from the rush; they were forcibly moved into a reserve to make way for the Klondikers, and many died.
Beginning in , the newspapers that had encouraged so many to travel to the Klondike lost interest in it.
In the summer of , gold was discovered around Nome in west Alaska , and many prospectors left the Klondike for the new goldfields, marking the end of the Klondike Rush.
The boom towns declined, and the population of Dawson City fell. Gold mining production in the Klondike peaked in , after heavier equipment was brought in.
Since then, the Klondike has been mined on and off, and today the legacy draws tourists to the region and contributes to its prosperity. The indigenous peoples in north-west America had traded in copper nuggets prior to European expansion.
Most of the tribes were aware that gold existed in the region, but the metal was not valued by them. In the second half of the 19th century, American prospectors began to spread into the area.
In , Ed Schieffelin identified gold deposits along the Yukon River, and an expedition up the Fortymile River in discovered considerable amounts of it and founded Fortymile City.
In three years it grew to become "the Paris of Alaska", with 1, inhabitants, saloons, opera houses, schools, and libraries. In , it was so well known that a correspondent from the Chicago Daily Record came to visit.
At the end of the year, it became a ghost town, when large gold deposits were found upstream on the Klondike. In any event, gold was present along the river in huge quantities.
By the end of August, all of Bonanza Creek had been claimed by miners. He discovered new sources of gold there, which would prove to be even richer than those on Bonanza.
Despite the winter, many prospectors immediately left for the Klondike by dog-sled, eager to reach the region before the best claims were taken.
In the resulting Klondike stampede, an estimated , people tried to reach the Klondike goldfields, of whom only around 30, to 40, eventually did. It began on July 15, , in San Francisco and was spurred further two days later in Seattle , when the first of the early prospectors returned from the Klondike, bringing with them large amounts of gold on the ships Excelsior and Portland.
Various factors lay behind this sudden mass response. Economically, the news had reached the US at the height of a series of financial recessions and bank failures in the s.
The gold standard of the time tied paper money to the production of gold and shortages towards the end of the 19th century meant that gold dollars were rapidly increasing in value ahead of paper currencies and being hoarded.
Psychologically, the Klondike, as historian Pierre Berton describes, was "just far enough away to be romantic and just close enough to be accessible.
A worldwide publicity campaign engineered largely by Erastus Brainerd , a Seattle newspaperman, helped establish that city as the premier supply centre and the departure point for the gold fields.
The prospectors came from many nations, although an estimated majority of 60 to 80 percent were Americans or recent immigrants to America.
Some stampeders were famous: John McGraw , the former governor of Washington, joined, together with the prominent lawyer and sportsman A.
Frederick Burnham , a well-known American scout and explorer, arrived from Africa, only to be called back to take part in the Second Boer War. Seattle and San Francisco competed fiercely for business during the rush, with Seattle winning the larger share of trade.
Wood, the mayor of Seattle, who resigned and formed a company to transport prospectors to the Klondike. Clothing, equipment, food, and medicines were all sold as "Klondike" goods, allegedly designed for the northwest.
The Klondike could be reached only by the Yukon River, either upstream from its delta, downstream from its head, or from somewhere in the middle through its tributaries.
River boats could navigate the Yukon in the summer from the delta until a point called Whitehorse, above the Klondike. Travel in general was made difficult by both the geography and climate.
Aids for the travellers to carry their supplies varied; some had brought dogs, horses, mules, or oxen, whereas others had to rely on carrying their equipment on their backs or on sleds pulled by hand.
From Seattle or San Francisco, prospectors could travel by sea up the coast to the ports of Alaska. It led to the ports of Dyea and Skagway plus ports of nearby trails.
The sudden increase in demand encouraged a range of vessels to be pressed into service including old paddle wheelers , fishing boats, barges, and coal ships still full of coal dust.
All were overloaded and many sank. It was possible to sail all the way to the Klondike, first from Seattle across the northern Pacific to the Alaskan coast.
From St. Michael , at the Yukon River delta, a river boat could then take the prospectors the rest of the way up the river to Dawson, often guided by one of the Native Koyukon people who lived near St.
In , some 1, travellers attempted this route but the vast majority were caught along the river when the region iced over in October.
Most of the prospectors landed at the southeast Alaskan towns of Dyea and Skagway, both located at the head of the natural Lynn Canal at the end of the Inside Passage.
From there, they needed to travel over the mountain ranges into Canada's Yukon Territory, and then down the river network to the Klondike.
Those who landed at Skagway made their way over the White Pass before cutting across to Bennett Lake. An alternative toll road suitable for wagons was eventually constructed and this, combined with colder weather that froze the muddy ground, allowed the White Pass to reopen, and prospectors began to make their way into Canada.
Those who landed at Dyea, Skagway's neighbour town, travelled the Chilkoot Trail and crossed its pass to reach Lake Lindeman, which fed into Lake Bennett at the head of the Yukon River.
As on the White Pass trail, supplies needed to be broken down into smaller packages and carried in relay. Entrepreneurs began to provide solutions as the winter progressed.
Steps were cut into the ice at the Chilkoot Pass which could be used for a daily fee, this 1, step staircase becoming known as the "Golden Steps".
A horse at the bottom turned a wheel, which pulled a rope running to the top and back; freight was loaded on sledges pulled by the rope. After many boats were wrecked and several hundred people died, the North-West Mounted Police NWMP introduced safety rules, vetting the boats carefully and forbidding women and children to travel through the rapids.
There were a few more trails established during from South-east Alaska to the Yukon River. The Takou route started from Juneau and went north-east to Teslin Lake.
From here, it followed a river to the Yukon, where it met the Dyea and Skagway route at a point halfway to the Klondike.
Finally, there was the Stikine route starting from the port of Wrangell further south-east of Skagway. This route went up the uneasy Stikine River to Glenora, the head of navigation.
An alternative to the South-east Alaskan ports were the All-Canadian routes, so-called because they mostly stayed on Canadian soil throughout their journey.
Three more routes started from Edmonton , Alberta ; these were not much better — barely trails at all — despite being advertised as "the inside track" and the "back door to the Klondike".
Chalmers to build a trail, which became known as the Klondike Trail or Chalmers Trail. One went by boat along rivers and overland to the Yukon River system at Pelly River and from there to Dawson.
An estimated 1, travellers took these three routes, of whom only arrived, some taking up to 18 months to make the journey.
An equivalent to the All-Canadian routes was the "All-American route", which aimed to reach the Yukon from the port of Valdez , which lay further along the Alaskan coast from Skagway.
In practice, the huge Valdez glacier that stood between the port and the Alaskan interior proved almost insurmountable and only managed to climb it; by , the cold and scurvy was causing many deaths amongst the rest.
Their expedition was forced to turn back the same way they had come, with only four men surviving. Early on in the gold rush, the US Army sent a small detachment to Circle City, in case intervention was required in the Klondike, while the Canadian government considered excluding all American prospectors from the Yukon Territory.
The North-West Mounted Police set up control posts at the borders of the Yukon Territory or, where that was disputed, at easily controlled points such as the Chilkoot and White Passes.
This last task was particularly unpopular with American prospectors, who faced paying an average of 25 percent of the value of their goods and supplies.
Of the estimated 30, to 40, people who reached Dawson City during the gold rush, only around 15, to 20, finally became prospectors.
Of these, no more than 4, struck gold and only a few hundred became rich. Geologically, the region was permeated with veins of gold, forced to the surface by volcanic action and then worn away by the action of rivers and streams, leaving nuggets and gold dust in deposits known as placer gold.
Initially, miners had assumed that all the gold would be along the existing creeks, and it was not until late in that the hilltops began to be mined.
Mining began with clearing the ground of vegetation and debris. In the sub-Arctic climate of the Klondike, a layer of hard permafrost lay only 6 feet 1.
The process was repeated until the gold was reached. In theory, no support of the shaft was necessary because of the permafrost although in practice sometimes the fire melted the permafrost and caused collapses.
In the summer, water would be used to sluice and pan the dirt, separating out the heavier gold from gravel. Instead, these mines used rockers, boxes that moved back and forth like a cradle, to create the motion needed for separation.
Successful mining took time and capital, particularly once most of the timber around the Klondike had been cut down.
Under Canadian law, miners first had to get a license, either when they arrived at Dawson or en route from Victoria in Canada. Should the prospector leave the claim for more than three days without good reason, another miner could make a claim on the land.
Claims could be bought. However, their price depended on whether they had been yet proved to contain gold.
The less fortunate or less well funded prospectors rapidly found themselves destitute. Some chose to sell their equipment and return south.
The massive influx of prospectors drove the formation of boom towns along the routes of the stampede, with Dawson City in the Klondike the largest.
Dawson remained relatively lawful, protected by the Canadian NWMP, which meant that gambling and prostitution were accepted while robbery and murder were kept low.
By contrast, especially the port of Skagway under US jurisdiction in Southeast Alaska became infamous for its criminal underworld.
The ports of Dyea and Skagway, through which most of the prospectors entered, were tiny settlements before the gold rush, each consisting of only one log cabin.
Skagway became famous in international media; the author John Muir described the town as "a nest of ants taken into a strange country and stirred up by a stick".Auch hier lebten, ähnlich wie im verlassenen Dorf, seit rund Jahren Indianer. Aus dem alten Dorf entstand der Rotlichtbezirk Lousetown, bald Klondike City. Klondike city. Gefällt 45 Mal. Öffentliche Verwaltung und Regierungsbehörde. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an klondike city an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops zu finden. In Dawson City lernen Sie das Leben zur Zeit des Klondyke Goldrausches kennen. Besichtigen Sie die Goldfelder und versuchen Sie Ihr Glück beim. Häuptling Isaac Pferdespiele Spielen die Verrohung der Sitten. Diamond Tooth Gerties Gambling Hall. Am wahrscheinlichsten ist, dass beim Abwaschen von dem Geschirr etwas Gold im Teller hängen geblieben ist.
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